Discrimination is a direct denial of the equal worth of the victim, and as such, acts of discrimination have a dual negative effect: Discrimination is made all the more grave by the fact that it often takes place on grounds that are not subject to choice, such as ethnic or racial origin, sex, age, sexual orientation or disability. The consequences of discrimination match the severity of the offence: Law is one of the most, if not the most important tool in the fight against discrimination.
Hence it is essential that there exists laws against discrimination and that those laws are duly implemented. The judicial system has a fundamental role to play, as it represents authority and public order, an d has been entrusted with the task of providing legal safeguards to the victims of discrimination.
Law is perhaps the most important instrument in the fight against discrimination. Law reflects the most fundamental values of the society and conveys a message of what is considered acceptable or unacceptable in society. Law also creates social stability through creating legitimate expectations of the way people are supposed to behave in different everyday situations.
Anti-discrimination law is an essential tool in securing the functioning of democracy and human rights. The aim of any law is to modify the behavior of those subject to regulation in order to achieve a desired outcome.
At the same time law has symbolical value in outlining the fundamental values of society. But provisions, as such, are only a piece of text on a paper — in order for them to produce those desired outcomes people obviously have to actually use them.
The functions of any law, including antidiscrimination law are threefold: The law acts as a constraint on undesired action by individuals and institutions preventive role of law , provides a remedy to the victims of discrimination corrective role of law and punishes those who discriminate punitive role of law. Criminal law also effectively conveys the message of societal condemnation of discrimination. The Human Right to Freedom from Discrimination.
Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to freedom from discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation or any other status, and to other fundamental human rights dependent upon realization of the human right to freedom from discrimination.
These human rights are explicitly set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other widely adhered to international human rights treaties and Declarations i. Protective Discrimination- Modern Approach.
The weaker section was left in cold for years as nothing more than garbage in the society. Protective discrimination means a privilege or some right in favour of those who had been discriminated and oppressed since ages. It is evident from history that one sort of discrimination is destructive while the other one is protective and curative in nature.
In a very important case of Indra Shahani vs. Basically protective discrimination is used to fulfill those lacks which arise due to a long time deprivation. It is a part of corrective and compensatory justice. It has been told that peoples of backward class of society have been bearing injustice for generation to generation.
Some peoples of the society made supremacy on the benefits of the society and made deprived to others. So this provision of protective discrimination has been made for those deprived people who are living in unbeneficial circumstances. The following provisions of the chapter on Fundamental Rights ensure civic equality:. At the time of independence, the constitution makers were highly influenced by the feeling of social equality and social justice.
For the same reason, they incorporated such provisions in the constitution of India. These are as follows —. Union of India  , the Supreme Court has held that the principal aim of a socialist state is to eliminate inequality in income, status and standards of life. The basic frame work of socialism is to provide a proper standard of life to the people, especially, security from cradle to grave.
Amongst there, it envisaged economic equality and equitable distribution of income. From a wholly feudal exploited slave society to a vibrant, throbbing socialist welfare society reveals a long march, but, during this journey, every state action, whenever taken, must be so directed and interpreted so as to take the society one step towards the goal.
The Preamble secures at all citizens of India equality of status an opportunity. This provision embraces three dimensions of equality- civic, political and economic.
The government has passed multiple acts to prevent against discrimination: The first of many legislations banning discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender or national origin. Included in the Act were the prohibition of unequal application of voter registration requirements, prohibition of discrimination in hotels, motels and other public accommodations, prohibition of governments from denying access to public facilities on the basis of race, religion, gender or ethnicity and the prevention of discrimination by government agencies that receive federal funding.
Protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination. Protects persons 40 years old or older from employment discrimination and also sets guidelines for employment benefits and pensions.
Prohibits any discrimination race, religion, sex, handicap, family status and national origin to affect the sale, rental or financing of housing. Provides monetary damages in situations where employees have been subjected to intentional employment discrimination. Protects women from being fired or not considered for employment or promotions due to a current or future pregnancy.
Prohibits gender discrimination in education programs, including athletic programs, that receive federal funding. Everyone is entitled to rights without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work…. In fact, it is a threat to democracy, which is predicated on the idea of a society in which arbitrary hierarchies and preferences based on, for example gender, ethnic origin, and wealth have been eliminated with a view to achieving equality.
Democracy recognizes worth and equal rights of all whereby, equality prohibits discrimination which is also the cornerstone of human rights. It not only forms a menace to the society, but also to the individual who is subjected to such an adverse treatment as it is a direct denial of the equal worth of the victim.
Jews constitute one percent of the world population and yet are discriminated against in eighty five countries which ranks them third among all other religious groups. Nearly half of the countries in the world saw religious discrimination increase just between the years and In Europe and Asia the restrictions related to religious discrimination are quite high.
In North American and Australia the restrictions against religious discrimination are moderate. In some parts of South America and Africa the government restrictions are quite low. On average the countries that have lower rates of government laws against discrimination have higher rates of social hostility. This can include harassment as well as armed conflict and even violence or hate crimes. Overall religious discrimination can take place anywhere in the work place. By understanding what it is and recognizing the signs people who perpetrate it can be educated and it can be stopped.
Recognizing the rate at which different groups are discriminated against in different countries draws great light upon the fact that religious discrimination is quite prevalent in spite of attempts to thwart it.
By working together to better understand and appreciate other religions through improved education people can eliminate the propensity for increased religious discrimination against fellow employees. Looking for essay writer? EssayMill - essay writing service. Very good essay writing tips for college students. Homepage Online help Writing prompts Samples on topics related to health Extended definition topics Writing a critique paper Writing and structuring a short essay Tutorial on cause and effect essay Writing a great essay introduction Fresh argument essay topics Essay introduction writing tips Essay help:
Causes of religious discrimination Discrimination is defined as a decision or an act that negatively treats or even proposing to treat a group based on a certain grounds of ideology which they belong to, but not on their attributes.
Religious discrimination is the unfair or unequal treatment of an employee or employer based on their personal beliefs. It can extend so far as to treat a group of people unfairly. Religion-related discrimination doubled between and
Essay about Religious Discrimination to analyze the continued discrimination of religious practices within an organization. The composition illustrates the implementation of The Civil Rights Act of Religious discrimination There is a serious issue under debate that threatens the freedom of every individual to dress the way that they want, the freedom of expression and the right to practise their religion.4/4(1).
Religious Discrimination Essay Sample. Religious discrimination is unequal treatment of an individual or group based on their beliefs. The law protects not only people who belong to traditional, organised religions, such as Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism, but also others who have held religious, ethical or moral beliefs. Free Essay: Religious Discrimination Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Definitions 2 Religious Belief 2 Religious Discrimination 3 3. Title VII.