In addition, the conceptualizing of descriptive research categorization or taxonomy precedes the hypotheses of explanatory research. Descriptive research is also known as Statistical Research. The main goal of this type of research is to describe the data and characteristics about what is being studied. The idea behind this type of research is to study frequencies, averages, and other statistical calculations.
Although this research is highly accurate, it does not gather the causes behind a situation. Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a topic. That is, analysis of the past as opposed to the future. Descriptive research is the exploration of the existing certain phenomena. The details of the facts won't be known. Descriptive science is a category of science that involves descriptive research; that is, observing, recording, describing, and classifying phenomena.
Descriptive research is sometimes contrasted with hypothesis-driven research , which is focused on testing a particular hypothesis by means of experimentation. Grimaldi and Michael S. Engel suggest that descriptive science in biology is currently undervalued and misunderstood:.
A negative attitude by scientists toward descriptive science is not limited to biological disciplines: Lord Rutherford's notorious quote , "All science is either physics or stamp collecting," displays a clear negative attitude about descriptive science, and it is known that he was dismissive of astronomy , which at the beginning of the 20th century was still gathering largely descriptive data about stars, nebulae, and galaxies, and was only beginning to develop a satisfactory integration of these observations within the framework of physical law , a cornerstone of the philosophy of physics.
Ilkka Niiniluoto has used the terms "descriptive sciences" and "design sciences" as an updated version of the distinction between basic and applied science. According to Niiniluoto, descriptive sciences are those that seek to describe reality, while design sciences seek useful knowledge for human activities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management.
The following module provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of using descriptive research. Before considering the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research, it is helpful to review descriptive research and the terms associated with it, as well as be introduced to a discussion of the most commonly discussed advantages and disadvantages.
The Slideshare presentation below, Descriptive Research Methodologies , recaps the basics types of descriptive methods, but also includes a discussion of benefits and limitations. It primarily focuses on the use of descriptive research in educational settings, however the basic principles can be applied across disciplines. Many of the benefits and limitations of the specific descriptive research methods have been alluded to in previous modules in this series.
Following is a summary regarding both the advantages and the disadvantages of using descriptive research methodology in general. Advantages and disadvantages specific to the three basic types of descriptive research were covered in more detail in each of those modules in this series.
Defining Your Respondents and Drawing Conclusions — Provides an explanation of descriptive research and its uses. Strengths and Weaknesses of Descriptive Research — Offers a brief overview of the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research.
Descriptive Research Slideshare — Provides a Slideshare presentation that discusses the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research. What is Descriptive Research? This pin will expire , on Change.
Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.
Video: Descriptive Research Design: Definition, Examples & Types This lesson explores the different ways that a researcher can understand individuals or groups of people, both in terms of psychological research as well as general research in other fields.
Descriptive research is commonly used in social sciences to study characteristics or phenomenons. Also known as statistical research, researchers look into the frequency, average or other qualitative methods to understand a subject being studied. Descriptive-analysisThis method determines or describes the nature of an object by separating it into its parts. Its purpose is to discover the nature of things. The researcher should determine the composition, structure, sub-structure that occurs as units with the larger structure.
Descriptive research describes a situation while inferential (or experimental) research attempts to explain or forecast. > There are three main types of descriptive methods: * observational methods, * case-study methods and * survey methods. The Slideshare presentation below, Descriptive Research Methodologies, recaps the basics types of descriptive methods, but also includes a discussion of benefits and limitations. It primarily focuses on the use of descriptive research in educational settings, however the .