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Sample Essay on Stem Cell Research: A Historical and Scientific Overview

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❶There are two types of stem cells: Cells are units of structure in the body of living organisms.

Introduction to Stem Cell Research

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As life on earth has evolved into organisms of different species and living things, two basic laws of nature have dictated why cells have remained so small Showed first characters. Showed next characters. For your convenience Manyessays provide you with custom writing service.

All papers are written from scratch by only certified and experienced writers. Please contact our custom service if you have any questions concerning our service. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Please enter your password. The genes are mixed up and like shuffled around, not a precise duplicate like mitosis.

The cell divides, leaving two new cells with a mixture of chromosomes in each. Then anaphase II chromosomes are split and pulled to opposite sides of the cell. Each daughter cell will get one half of the DNA needed to make a functioning cell. When all is said and done, you are left with four haploid cells that called gametes. Gametes will eventually combine with other gametes to form a zygote. So, you can see that the two types of cell division and or reproduction are indeed similar.

Mitosis and Meiosis do use the same processes, however, the results vary considerably. The main difference is that in mitosis there is asexual cloning resulting in exact chromosome duplication and in Meiosis the is a blending of the chromosomes of the parent cells to create new daughter cells that have different chromosomes that the original.

Hopefully, this is an adequate and comprehensible description of cell division. Berg, and Diana Martin. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Coursework essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

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Literature Cited Solomon, Eldra P. Therefore, it could be suggested that anyone who has a real interest in seeing major medical breakthroughs happen which, presumably, would be almost everyone cannot afford to oppose the ongoing development of stem cell research per se. What there clearly can be controversy over, though, is how exactly the research agenda ought to proceed.

In order to more effectively address this dimension of the issue presently under consideration, it may be a good idea to turn now to the political history of stem cell research, or legislation that has surrounding the issue as it has developed over time. One of the clearest points that emerges regarding the political history of stem cell research and bioengineering in general , is that there has been ongoing controversy over the extent to which the federal government should fund research.

This has proved to be a quite partisan issue. For example, in , Bush issued an executive order that placed significant restrictions on federal funding for stem cell research; and in , Obama countermanded this order with an order of his own called "Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research involving Human Stem Cells" see Research America. This, of course, is tied to broader political conflicts regarding issues such as religion and abortion.

If the federal government is to spend tax money on stem cell research, then this would likely contradict the values of many Americans, and especially conservative Americans, regarding the origins of human life.

This is likely why the main legislative barriers against stem cell research have always focused on embryonic stem cell research. Again, as has been noted above, significantly greater ethical dilemmas inhere to research with embryonic stem cells than to research with adult stem cells.

A good example of such restrictions can be seen in the guidelines for stem cell research released by the National Institute of Health in , which stipulated that:. Several important ethical points are exemplified by this statement, including that embryonic stem cells must be derived using private and not public funds and that it still is not acceptable to create embryos simply for the sake of harvesting stem cells from them and destroying them in the process. Over the course of the last several years, though, such regulations would seem to have become someone less salient both due to their relaxation under the Obama administration and to scientific innovations regarding adult stem cells, which have enabled scientists to somewhat circumvent the legislative debate surrounding embryonic stem cells.

This is because controversy over stem cell research generally tends to focus on the use of embryonic stem cells; but then, this leads to the more fundamental question of the legal, ethical, and metaphysical status of the embryo. In principle, if one grants that abortions are acceptable, then one must also grant that it is acceptable to create embryos specifically for the purpose of harvesting stem cells from them.

To put it a little differently: Of course, there is a significant number of Americans who believe that life begins at conception, and that the embryo is thus in fact metaphysically a living human being. If this were the case, then the manufacture of embryos simply for the purpose of destroying them would be horrific, insofar the destruction of each embryo would then be morally and conceptually equivalent to murder.

If this paradigm is accepted, then whatever benefits could be produced by embryonic stem cell research would clearly be outweighed by unacceptability of the atrocities that would need to be committed in order to achieve those benefits. Clearly, this conflict ultimately surpasses the bounds of science itself and is grounded in the differing religions and broader worldviews of different groups of people within the nation.

As Robertson has written:. Stem cell science is thus drawn into the ongoing, highly divisive wars over abortion and the culture of life that have occupied a central stage in American law and politics over the last 30 years" Stem cell research is thus a highly partisan issue, and it is likely to remain that way over the foreseeable future.

Again, this is because the real points of contention that surround the issue surpass the scope of science or even reason more generally; they touch on people's fundamental beliefs about what it means to be human.

Both positions would be cogent within the context of their own assumptions; and it would be difficult if not impossible to rationally discredit either set of assumptions. In addition, it is worth pointing out that even adult stem cell research is controversial, insofar as stem cell research in general has the potential to lead to human cloning.


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ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this Essay on Cells in Human Body! The body of any living organism is made up of cells. Cells are very minute in size and extremely complicated in structure. Human is no exception. Each cell is basically a unit of protoplasm, which is said to .

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Cells, the building blocks of the human body, contain genetic information (DNA) that is passed on from parent cell to daughter cell through the cell reproduction process called cell division. When a cell divides the genetic information contained in DNA copies itself and transmits to /5(7).

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