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❶However, if your writing is unclear, that should indicate the need to rearrange your sentence rather than break a rule.

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Otherwise, do not use a hyphen with a grade number. If several ordinal grades are presented in a series of compound adjectives, then use hyphens with each. Sometimes these rules intersect in ways that may make a sentence look awkward; in the sentence below, it is correct to use a word for ninth and numerals for 10th and 11th , and although there is nothing wrong with this from an APA Style perspective, it may set off internal alarm bells for you.

Often the awkwardness can be resolved by rephrasing the sentence. Although this is not required, it may make you feel happier about your writing, and we are all for you feeling happy about your writing.

For more on numeral usage, see Sections 4. If you have additional questions about how to write about grades in APA Style, leave a question in the comments section.

Posted by Chelsea Lee at Avoid beginning a sentence with an acronym or an abbreviation. For further information, see pages in the Publication Manual. Capitalize all words of four letters or more in titles of books and articles in text. Do not capitalize names of laws, theories, and hypotheses except for proper nouns. For compound words not in the dictionary, use hyphens for clarity rather than omit them. Hyphenate compound adjectives that precede the noun they modify: Incorporate quotations of less than 40 words in the text with double quotation marks.

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The Purdue University Writing Lab and Purdue Online Writing Lab OWL assist clients in their development as writers—no matter what their skill level—with on-campus consultations, online participation, and community engagement. The Purdue OWL offers global support through online reference materials and services. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose:

June 26, 2014

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Style guidelines from the American Psychological Association (APA) help writers maintain a uniform way of writing. Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included.

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In APA Style, the rules for presenting numbers apply to the presentation of grade numbers. This post will explain the most common formats. Grade + a Numeral. When the word grade is followed by a numeral, always capitalize grade and use a .

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If i am referring to a chapter number, how do I write it correctly in apa? i.e. Referring back to chapter 3 (three) Question 2: If I am referring to a grade level in education, do I say Grade 2 or Grade Two? VIII. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Clear Attribution of Action; VII. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Precision and Clarity; VI. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Et Al. V. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Line Spacing; IV. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Abbreviations and Acronyms; III. Using APA Style in Academic .

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Numbers. APA rules for numbers state: Use figures for numbers 10 and above (12 of the subjects); for numbers above and below 10 grouped for comparison (2 of 16 responses); for numbers representing time, dates, and age (3 years ago, 2 hr 15 min); for numbers denoting a specific place in a series, book, or table (Table 3, Group 3, page 32). In general, figures are used for numbers 10 and above, and numbers below 10 are spelled out. However, there are some exceptions. APA Rules for Numbers 10 and Above. The sixth edition of the APA style guide states that figures should be used to represent numbers 10 and above (e.g., 15 of the participants).