This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible.
Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.
This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay.
Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e.
Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind.
Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. Is my thesis statement concise and clear? Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence?
Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors.
Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability. Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences?
Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr.
Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and much more. The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. There are several formatting styles typically used. APA American Psychological Association style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences.
Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format printed, online, e-books etc. You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting. All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer. Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher.
Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. Make the effort to ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and attractive. Aim to have your final paper ready a day or two before the deadline. This gives you peace of mind and a chance to triple check. Before handing in your assignment for marking, ask yourself: If you feel any difficulties in writing a Research Paper, our writers and editors are always ready to help!
Diana from Aresearchguide Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Explain why you think the research topic you have chosen is worth doing. Give both personal and business reasons to support your argument.
The reasons you provide must be scientific and logical and supported by evidences. You may also write down the major issues the research topic will be addressing. The proposal must include a critical review of the literature you have studied for carrying out the research.
In this section, you acknowledge the researchers whose works have formed a foundation for your research. The literature review may lead you to the formation of a hypothetical statement, conceptual framework and identification of dependent and independent variables.
The literature review must also explain the need for research on your topic. In this section, you must write down the key research questions as they emerge from reviewing the literature.
Narrow down the objectives of your research in three to five pointers. Use higher level verbs here such as:. Your proposal must present a brief research plan that you will be undertaking. The research plan is typically divided into seven phases:.
Mention any ethical issues the research will give rise to and how you intend to handle them. Also write how you would be avoiding plagiarism. In the end, mention how much time you will take to complete the research.
Provide a brief chronological illustration, explaining what amount of time is allocated to what research tasks. List down any special help or resources that you will be requiring or plan to consult. In case of acceptance of your research proposal, you will be working on a detailed bibliography but you can give a brief idea of the resources that you are attempting to begin with. Mention the importance and rationale of the research topic which you have undertaken.
Explain the significance of the project in terms of its contribution to existing studies. If you are applying for financial funding then you need to elaborate on reasons which justify financial help. While your introduction, literature review and significance of the study has already justified your research project, a conclusion explicitly states the importance and implication of your coursework.
Research Paper Outline Examples Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or what you will be including in your discussion.
Tutorial to the research paper outline. It helps you through the steps of writing a research paper. Good writing is essential for any article or term paper.
Outline for Research Proposal Psy | Spring Organize your final research proposal according to the following outline. Clearly indicate sections of the paper by using headings that indicate where particular kinds of information can. Sample Outline for a Research Project se66rthaae-1fboc6.gablem 2 (Here, again, the subproblem will be restate and the four steps: a, b, c, and d, are detailed. Then each succeeding subproblem will be given similar treatment.).
The research problem is the focal point from which the rest of the outline flows. Try to sum up the point of your paper in one sentence or phrase. It also can be key to deciding what the title of your paper should be. How To: Outlining a Research Paper research paper related to air quality. I am providing it here to offer you some guidance on preparing a good outline. It is possible that some of the details will not apply to your paper – for instance, your.