Certainly, the United States is suffering a severe economic recession. However, institution of the draft would lead to positive economic consequences. Supporting this, Galston observes that this was certainly the case during the —75 recessions and the recession of —83 Similarly, the increased number of training posts would open up countless numbers of jobs for civilians, thus also succeeding in reducing unemployment rates.
Additionally, the economic crisis would have the effect of retaining those already enlisted in the armed forces. In fact, a research group found that for each one percent increase in the unemployment rate, retention rates went up two percent in the military Marshall. Additionally, an economist at the University of Chicago, Gary Becker, argues that the financing of a large volunteer army during a long war increases tax rates, and the draft would directly affect lowered budget costs per soldier Marshall.
Additionally, what opponents fail to understand is that compulsory conscription is necessary to reintroduce to American citizens what the true concept of citizenship is. Meyer Kestnbaum, assistant professor of sociology and research and associate of the Center for Research on Military Organization at the University of Maryland, conducted extensive research on its origins. To begin with, the Continental Army was established in , commanded by General Washington during the War of Independence.
Originally, the militia was comprised entirely of men entering freely as citizens of state Unfortunately, their lack of training and discipline coupled with prolonged conflict resulted in a serious reduction in ranks Consequently, George Washington and the Continental Congress initiated the call for compulsory service in the army by citizens of the states if the war for its freedom were not to be lost Summarized, the authorization of federal military conscription by national legislature was based solely upon American citizenship This new Continental Army of conscripted citizens finally secured America its independence on the battlefield Moreover, the people as a whole understood that the draft had been essential to their success in the War of Independence and that citizenship required certain military responsibilities.
Agency for International Development, and the U. Senate, asserts that waving the flag and enjoying a peaceful environment is hardly the definition of citizenship.
Moreover, she adds that the American people now have the greatest opportunity to recapture the true meaning of being an American and that our successors will have a strong foundation of comprehension of the challenges they will face as citizens The requirement of young Americans to put in a brief period of national duty would go a long way to familiarize Americans with the obligations of citizenship Additionally, the loss of the essence of citizenship due to lack of compulsory conscription has resulted in the degradation of national unification.
The United States contains two distinctly separate worlds, one civilian and one military. There is no cohesion between the two. Even today, relatively few Americans have been a part of wartime service or any other form of national programs Without military service by the majority of the people, the armed forces concerns, responsibilities, and understanding are lost.
Consequently, the loss of the draft is also resulting in American loss of national unity. Since the conclusion of the Vietnam War and the end of the draft, the U. The military views the average American as leading a soft life, and the civilians have no comprehension of the values and realities of the soldier. Oftentimes, the only connection they have with one another is through family I can attest to this military-civilian divide through my own experience as a soldier.
I was a 10th Mountain Division soldier working in the same building with civilians, with both sides serving computer operations of Fort Drum. Very little communication existed between civilians and soldiers. Likewise, the civilians had virtually no communications with the soldiers. Even more frightening, several of my coworkers today express exasperation with my continued devotion to watching CNN. They do not realize that the U. Yet they celebrate July 4 as if it is a right due them as citizens when they do not even know the true meaning of the word.
Clearly, compulsory conscription is necessary to unite America as one nation. Ultimately, the absence of a draft and the resulting lack of national unity and support have lead to a serious decrease in our troop levels. Supporting this view, politicians, both Republican and Democrat alike, are worried that American troops are spread too thin globally Prah Very importantly, retired general Barry McCaffrey, a professor of international security studies at the U.
Military Academy, agrees that civilian support for the war is dropping alarmingly along with recruitment. Army and Marine troops, both active-duty and National Guard, are undermanned and disintegrating Shawn Brimly, writing for the U.
Obviously, the inadequate strength of the United States military needs addressing, with counteractive measures. This would be an increase of 65, troops. Indeed, the United States needs more troops in its ranks to ensure American safety and success in international affairs.
Currently, the Pentagon is trying ways other than the draft to supplement American armed forces. These include enforcing extended enlistment contract times when troop deployment is imminent. He states that soldiers deploy to hot spots such as Iraq or Afghanistan five, six, or more times during one enlistment Anonymous.
Another technique the Pentagon is utilizing to supplement U. The usual role of these units is as part-time soldiers for one weekend a month and two weeks of the year only. They are also the ones who respond to state emergencies. Now, because of the decrease of troops in the Armed Forces, they have to spend months, if not years, overseas. They must leave behind jobs and families, thus creating heavy emotional and financial burdens Moreover, state governors are worried that the heavy reliance of the military upon these units will leave the nation vulnerable to emergencies such as wildfires, floods, and earthquakes.
Additionally, recruitment quota levels are not being met Its audit of troop levels revealed low numbers. Congress was informed and countered with the authorization of a pilot program called the National Defense Authorization Act for Farrell 1. This act encourages increased enlistment by offering recruitment incentives. These incentives reflect the importance Congress is attributing to expanding U. This expansion must be sufficient to maintain multi-theater activities and national security.
I watch CNN, as previously noted, and the assessment there too is U. Moreover, if a simple college student such as myself can access this critical national information, so can potential enemies of the United States. The Obama Administration faces very serious times indeed, and these issues need resolution yesterday.
Compulsory conscription should be a part of that resolution. In conclusion, while there is dissension, the United States needs to reinstitute compulsory conscription. The increase in American citizen participation in the army will broaden their understanding and acceptance of military responsibilities and concerns. Eventually, military volunteerism will result once the public understands the true meaning of citizenship.
Once again, the public will be a well-informed public. Unification between the military and the American civilian worlds will occur, and American national pride will increase. The resultant expansion of the U. Writing a research paper that focuses on military history, be it ancient, contemporary or anywhere in between, can help you gain a better understanding of the forces that shaped and continue to shape the world as we know it.
The American Civil War, which was fought from to between the Confederate States of America and the Union, provides several potential avenues for a research paper. Several generals and soldiers left behind accounts of specific battles or the general experiences of the war. These accounts offer researchers unique insight into the lives and thoughts of the men who fought in the American Civil War, including eyewitness and participant accounts of battles and the driving sociopolitical philosophies behind the war.
World War II, the global war fought between the Axis and the Allies from to , is the single largest war in recorded history. The war is notable for its massive civilian death toll, a result of the Holocaust and the only use of the atomic bomb in history. World War II offers researchers the opportunity to examine human morality in the Holocaust, the impact of atomic weaponry in Japan and interesting economic conditions all over the world as great nations converted all of their economic resources to the war effort.
North Vietnam was backed by communist allies, and South Vietnam had anti-communist allies such as the United States. Researching the complicated web of politics that led to the war, the numerous and strongly stated oppositions to U.
Ancient military history as a research topic offers a unique research experience. Using very old records of battles, be they written, painted, or sculpted, can offer a unique look into the life of an ancient military.
Researching Roman military history, for example, offers a look into not just battles and ancient weaponry, but the entire Roman political system which was inseparable from their military tradition.
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