Many hate crimes caused riots in the recent news we heard about the different black men that have been killed, police are getting away with it. Many different states around the world have different laws that they carry out, but one should never act on a crime because they feel bias towards their victim. Hate Crimes Prevention act came into play in This act criminalizes willfully causing bodily injury or attempting to do so when: But where did this act originally stem from?
Instead the men beat Byrd up behind a convenience store, stripped him naked and tied him to the truck they were driving in three miles down a road. While dragging down the road on the back of the truck his head and body had hit a sewage drain and he died Hate Crimes Timeline. Shepard was tied to a split rail fence, beaten, and left there to die Hate Crimes Timeline.
In 1, law enforcement agencies reported 5, hate crime incidents involving 6, offenses FBI, According to UCR single bias incidents reported that in Race has the highest percentage in where hate crimes occur more frequently. Perpetrators of hate crimes tend to be more teenagers, young adults, and hate groups. Hate crimes are normally conducted in small groups and the victim is most often a stranger.
As you read many news articles we come across many related to hate crimes. For example, a lesbian couple was caught kissing at Six Flags , New England and two women took it upon themselves to attack the couple and caused injury to them. The two women were later arraigned in court on charges of assault and civil rights violation with injury. The couple found nothing wrong in expressing public affection to others, but to the women it was abnormal.
What started out as bias slurs turned out to be a fight between the women just for their sexual preference for the same sex Newberry, We all heard stories about Eric Garner that was all over the news that became very viral. Hate crimes have various definitions in literature. Just as much as the concept of crime in general, it is very difficult to construct an exhaustive definition of hate crime.
Hate crimes can be understood as a crime fueled by the negative attitudes and opinions toward a particular group of persons. Hate crimes are more than just biases or prejudices because they involve dangerous actions such as physical assault, shooting, cross burnings etc.
Wolfe and Copeland on the other hand defined the phenomenon of hate crime as violence directed towards group people who are seen by the majority society as not valuable, who suffer discrimination in other areas and who do not have full access to political, economic and social justice.
Based on this definition given by Wolfe and Copeland, Perry suggested that hate crimes include violence and intimidation which are directed towards stigmatized and marginalized groups. It is a mechanism of power and oppression that reaffirms the existing hierarchies in a particular social order.
Hate crimes have two important elements that are widely accepted: Hate crimes are often caused by confusion, ignorance and fear of the differences. The feeling of superiority of the majority over the minorities are also a reason behind the perpetration of hate crimes. Perpetrators of hate crimes who are members of organized hate groups believe that society should be pure and the majorities should rule that is why they should get rid of the minorities.
The Hutus extremists went on a mass slaughtering of all Tutsis for days killing about , people total. The international community refused to acknowledge the genocide and did not do anything to help.
They refused to declare that a government guilty of exterminating its citizens would never receive international assistance. Young, white, and male; he does not come form an especially impoverished backround; he has little or no previous contact with the hate criminal justice system; and he does not beling to an organized hate group. Identify and discuss the different types of offender motivations. Thrill Seeking Crimes — the most common type. Not everyone in the group may be bias but the leader usually is.
Reactive crimes — the perpetrator is reacting to what he considers to be an intrusion. Some incident triggers an expression of anger. They usually do not go out of their neighborhood to commit these crimes. The victim happened upon them.
Mission Crimes- The rarest type, the offender, usually acting alone, seeks to rid the world of a particular kind of people whom he views as evil. Offenders are usually deeply troubled and sometimes even psychotic. Retaliatory Crimes — a person hears a report or rumor of a hate incident against his or her own group and takes revenge by committing a crime against a member of the initial supposed offending group. What is group think? Groups sometimes strive so much to maintain consensus that critical thinking is usually discouraged.
Groups of people often make poor decisions, even though the individuals involved may be aware that they are poor decisions and may not have reached the same decisions on their own.
Identify and discuss several experiments that illustrate the principle of group think? Zimbardo Stanford mock prison experiment — Students were randomly assigned as guards or prisoners to try and realistically replicate the conditions of a real prison. It had to be stopped because the guards were getting very brutal. Milgram shock experiment — An actor scientist had a volunteer shock a person if they did not answer the question correctly nobody really got shocked.
The person would scream when the volunteer shocked them and the teacher would say keep going and they did even though they knew it was wrong.
Asch line Experiment — A group actors and one person were in a room and they asked what line was the longest. The actors would all give the wrong answer and the volunteer would go along even though it was an obvious answer. Making a decision before becoming aware of the relevant facts of a case.
An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason. What is a stereotype?
A thought that may be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things, but that belief may or may not accurately reflect reality What is the difference between an in-group and an out-group? An out-group, on the other hand, is a social unit or group of people that an individual neither belongs to nor identifies with.
What is the role of the family in creating bigotry? Kids often take the role of their father or mother. Identify and discuss the situational factors identified in class and in the book that contribute to bigotry groups, economics, social milieu, culture. How does that relate to hate crime commission? Why do people join organized hate groups?
They usually do not have hatred toward certain groups but they are targeted by organized hate groups and lured into groups. Their viewpoints are bigoted. One of their primary goals is to advance their own interest at the expense of those they oppose. Usually have official membership criteria. They are organized Identify and discuss characteristics of the right wing racial movement and the white resistence movement.
Explain the history the KKK as described in our text. After the civil war over and slavery was ended, many white southerners felt threatened.
The wealthy feared losing their source of cheap labor. In the kkk was born. Who was Mulugeta Seraw? He was an Ethiopian student and father who went to the United States to attend college. He was killed in November , at age 28, in Portland, Oregon by three white supremacists. Identify and discuss the primary ideologies that are shared by many hate groups.
Power — Hate groups are usually dedicated to gaining power, generally at the expense of other groups. White supremacists are concerned with losing their control over others. Racial Separatism — Antipathy for the same groups — hate against groups such as Jews, people of color, and immigrants Antipathy for particular beliefs and actions — hate against beliefs or actions such as abortion, political liberalism, feminism.
Based on the Blazak article BB and our text, describe the process of recruitment into and defection from hate groups. They focus on schools or neighborhoods where there is already some people of their group or where there was some perceived threat to straight, white males like areas where there had been large layoffs, where white students had been victimized by minority gangs, or where multiculturalism had recently been introduced into the curriculum.
Then direct attention to individuals who are experiencing strain because of being left out, frustrated, or harassed. They offer programs to to solve their problems in live and offer structure What activities are performed by hate groups? Meetings — speeches, cross lightings, sales of t-shirts, CDs, and more. Music Rallies — get media publicity, reinforce to members that they are actually doing something, and offer opportunity for violence because of counterdemonstrators.
Propaganda — fliers, pamphlets, newsletters and more.
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Hate Crime essays A hate crime is a violent act against people, property, or organizations because of the group to which they belong or identify with. Hate crimes are committed against many different groups of people. Different types of people also commit these crimes. Some hate crimes are crimes.
Hate crimes can come from many different causes, but each cause for a hate crime ultimately stems from ignorance. If we can rid our country of ignorance on subjects like the existence of hate crimes and why they take place, our 3/5(3). Hate Crime Analysis AJS January 14, Hate Crime Analysis Crimes of hatred date back as far in history as ancient civilizations. A crime of hate occurs when wrong-doing is done to a particular group of se66rthaae-1fboc6.ga crime is a form of prejudice that can be directed as groups of individuals based on religious preference, age, ethnicity, sexual .
Free Essay: Defining Hate Crimes Hate crimes has become an increasing problem here in the united states ranging from racial hatred to gender discrimination. What is a hate crime? A crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice How many hate crimes were recorded by the FBI in its most recent hate crime report? 6, According to the Petrosinos article and our text, were there hate crimes before hate crime laws? Give examples and discuss. What is a lynching?