Thescientific method involves observing behavior within organizations,formulating a theory based on the observations to explainwhy the behavior occurs, experimenting and collecting data todetermine the truth of the hypothesis, and validating or modifyingthe hypothesis as appropriate.
This process differs from some early management theorists whooften took lessons learned in isolated situations such as thesuccess of one large manufacturing company and turned theminto a list of simple steps to follow for success in all businesses. Rather, organizational behavior theory takes a contingencyapproach. This approach assumes that an action does not necessarilyalways have the same consequences, and may result in adifferent reaction in different situations.
What this means practicallyis that one solution is not universally the best and behaviorcannot be distilled into simple lists of steps that ensure success. In general, it has been found that proposed absolute or universalrules need to be tempered by too many exceptions.
For example,in the study of leadership, researchers and practitioners alikehave found that there is not one best way to lead, but that the"ideal" management style is contingent on the needs, abilities,and personalities of both the employees performing the tasks andof their leader or manager.
Because of real world experiences,organizational behavior theorists tend to temper their theories bytrying to better understand when and why a principle works andby not stating absolutes. One of the reasons that it is necessary to take a contingencyapproach when trying to understand behavior in organizations isthat organizations are systems comprising numerous subsystems.
The functioning of each subsystem impacts the functioning ofthe other subsystems. Therefore, in addition to the contingencyapproach, organizational behavior theory is also founded on thepremise of systems theory.
In this approach, the organizationis viewed as a system made up of interdependent subsystems,each of which affects the effectiveness of the other as well asthe effectiveness of the organization as a whole. For example, astrike by one segment of workers in an organization negativelyimpacts the ability of the organization as a whole to meet itsobjectives whether those be to efficiently collect garbage, transportpassengers, or produce auto parts.
However, systems theoryaffects organizations in less obvious ways, too. For example,when writing a proposal for a new contract, if one work groupfails to meet its deadline for writing the technical response, abudget cannot be developed to submit to the prospective clientand the production of a professional-looking proposal cannotbe done in a timely manner.
If enough of these small actionswith negative impacts occur, the organization will not win thecontract. This, in turn, could affect the profitability and even theviability of the organization and, along with it, the jobs and livesof the individuals and teams of which it is comprised.
Each subsystem technical work group, accounting or costing group, andproposal production group affects the ability of the other groups -- as well as of the organization in general -- to do their jobs.
Although such insights are interesting in the abstract, organizationalbehavior is a practical discipline that not only attempts tounderstand and predict behavior, but to influence it.
To this end,organizational behavior theorists have made significant contributionsto management theory and practice. The field of organizational behavior is concerned with allthree levels of functioning within the organization: You will get that feeling once you are really into your research topic and know how to navigate through a range of information on the topic to finally select and use only that are relevant.
Business management and HRM or human resource management concepts are now increasingly linked to organizational behavior and although the interrelationships between concepts in organizational management and business, remain open, flexible and subject to interpretation, studying these interrelationships would be necessary to understand how management concepts are applicable in business and organizational scenarios.
Remember to read up and read up all topics and subjects related to organization, management, communication, performance, human resource, leadership, training and motivation. The more you read, the better you learn and the more you learn, you are more likely to understand the interrelationships between concepts quickly.
Finally, it is necessary to intuitively understand how businesses and organizations work, and how people function and communicate or interact within organizations. Leadership directly plays into the people-performance-interaction dynamic as organizational leaders finally direct or guide the training process that improves job performance and highlights or suggests the necessary interaction between people.
Understanding a business or an organization is finally about learning the organizational culture and leadership, studying organizational performance and the effects of training, and well as communication between employees and how this may impact management at various levels.
Studying about organizational behavior is the current focus of research in management and students in organizational behavior and management choose their area of research from a range of topics and determine their own relevant research questions from a range of research concepts. These concepts are usually interrelated and this means that one concept in management would be directly linked to another and there is this interconnected perspective that you must look for.
As a researcher, your focus has to be on whether your research topic is current and relevant, whether it solves a problem, whether it adds value, whether there are relevant resources with significant background studies in the research area, and whether your research topic is justified or has a sound rationale.
These are some of the points you consider while you conduct your research, so although choosing a topic is important, the other points of research such as adding value and justification are also significant. Once you are committed to the research process, you will naturally find the right direction to navigate your research topic and also find the right sources.
One exercise that I recommend to every researcher is visit business organizations and try to understand organizational culture, communication patterns and organizational commitment of employees. Real world field studies and regular visits to business organizations would naturally improve your knowledge and understanding of the process of business management and how management concepts are directly applied to organizations.
In fact, even before choosing a research topic or a research question, try to immerse yourself in real-life scenarios and understand the functions in real-world organizations, businesses, B-corps and larger corporations. The more you do these field studies and understand real-life business functions, the more likely you are to understand how organizations work and what management concepts are important to define or direct the research focus of your study.
So, to summarize, you can choose a research topic once you are knowledgeable about what you want to do, how you want to proceed with the research and what areas of study you want to focus on. You have to find the research topic of interest after compiling a range of topics that could be potentially interesting to you.
From a list of topics, select one specific topic and look up all the concepts relevant to the topic. For example, if your research topic is organizational management, the relevant concepts that you will discover as keywords are communication, behavior, management, leadership, training and organizational culture.
You must integrate all these concepts and finally come up with a coherent research question that will have a proper justification, rationale and add value to your research. Good luck nailing that research topic and most importantly the research question — remember finding a topic is just the beginning, but nevertheless a very important step in your career and academic progress.
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The Research paper focuses on your own thesis, and uses the sources as needed to provide support for the thesis. A good rule of thumb: Most paragraphs in the Research paper should cite more than one source. If your paper typically cites only one source per paragraph, that’s a sign that the paper should be re-organized.
can offer you that will work for every paper, every time. We can, however, give you some things to think about that will help you as you consider how to structure your paper. Let Your Thesis Direct You Begin by listening to your thesis. If it is well-written, it will tell you which way to go with your paper.
This sample World Trade Organization Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper . Structure of a Research Paper Ink welcomes submissions from all departments on campus. It is expected that the author use the guidelines and conventions followed in the discipline for structuring a research paper.
Organization of A Business - Organization of A Business research papers delve into the importance of employee and management relationships. Organizational Communication - Organizational Communication research papers illustrate that effective organizational communication is the cornerstone of all organizations. Sep 27, · How to Write a Research Paper Five Methods: Choosing Your Topic Researching Making an Outline Writing Your Paper Sample Research Papers and Outlines Community Q&A When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers%().