The Declaration of Independence was the most important legislative product of the Second Continental Congress, which commissioned the document, appointed its drafting committee, debated and revised its content, and ultimately endorsed the final version of the Declaration.
The Declaration bears early executive associations as well. John Hancock, president of the Congress, sent the Declaration to various political and military leaders, including General George Washington, then a commander of the Continental Army.
The irony of the prevailing yet narrow reading of the Declaration of Independence runs beyond its original legislative and executive associations. For subsequent Members of Congress and U. Presidents have continued and extended these associations—repeatedly engaging, debating and using the Declaration in various public ways and for a variety of public purposes.
Given the historical breadth and significance of these associations, this essay seeks to deepen our knowledge of the Declaration and its effects by assessing the history of its influences upon and its public uses by Members of Congress and U. Several obstacles obstruct and consequently qualify the scope of the intended historical inquiry.
The first obstacle is the massive number of times U. Presidents and, especially, Members of Congress have publicly referred to the Declaration of Independence since The prevalence of these references and their intended public uses reflect deeply upon American political culture and its political vocabulary, but it also demands an honest admission that this particular historical reconstruction is selective and, by design, open to fuller development in the future.
Fortuitously, many references and uses of the Declaration can be excluded from this analysis without apparent loss because most appear to lack a sufficient substantive depth or political consequence to warrant more detailed consideration. The present structure of the historical record reflective of the U. Congress and individual U. Presidents is another obstacle that requires some qualification of this inquiry.
Although every history inevitably suffers the limitations of incomplete and occasionally inaccessible evidentiary sources, the subject and breadth of this particular inquiry make these limitations particularly apparent. Only a fraction of the more than two hundred year history of public debates in Congress are captured by the Congressional Record and its predecessors—and even then, the record is selective and incomplete.
In addition, the official and private papers of Members of Congress are not typically preserved, published, or widely available when archived. More problematic for this inquiry, the interpretation of Presidential papers remains more an art than a science, as students of the Presidency have developed few standardized methods that apply easily across time or individual.
This methodological deficiency seems inconsequential for individual biographical studies, yet its effects are not necessarily insignificant. One historian, for example, associated the reformist impulses of President Rutherford B. The portrait of Hayes clearly captures elements of his personality and historical era, but other biographical commentaries and the 5-volume Diary and Letters of Rutherford Birchard Hayes—the first published diary of a U.
Similar interpretative problematics plague the analysis of other Presidential papers. Eisenhower include few and primarily incidental references to the Declaration of Independence; and yet, it would be incorrect to infer neither President used or was affected by the Declaration.
Given these qualifications, the remainder of this essay employs two complementary approaches in an attempt to illuminate different elements of the substantive relationship between the Declaration of Independence and the individuals who have served in Congress and the Presidency.
Part I identifies several general principles of the Declaration that are prominently although inconsistently reflected throughout the historical development of both national institutions. This first approach allows us to recognize the general ways by which Members of Congress and U.
Presidents have participated within—and therefore, have been influenced by—a political context and tradition whose framework and principles were first articulated in the Declaration of Independence.
General Principles Although many conditions and individuals contributed directly to the formation and subsequent development of Congress and the U. Presidency, several ideas articulated in the Declaration have been consistent and, more important, prior sources of influence upon these institutions. The first and perhaps most obscure idea and influences is derived from the ways in which the Declaration characterizes the world and human nature. These premises identify dependent relationships between the attributes of the world and of human nature and their prior and singular, shared cause.
As for a dependent country, one of their most desired goals was of course, to become a self-dependent ruling country. However, to achieve this goal is not as easy as to say it. This is something that the majority of the citizens in the country have to agree upon and the congress has to be in favor of this too.
When all of these are accomplished, then, a document would have to be drafted and printe. The Declaration of Independence is the founding document of the American Revolution, the Continental Congress adopted on July 4th, , and proclaimed the secession of 13 North American colonies from the U.
The inevitability of a break with the mother country, which especially increased after the beginning of hostilities in April , was realized by a growing number of Americans. It is one of the oldest and shortest constitutions in the world Bailyn, The United States constitution was adopted on the seventeenth September of the year by the convention of the constitution which was held in Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania. It was ratified later in the United States around all the states. It has been amended twenty seven times and the first ten amendments were referred to as the Bill of Rights.
The constitution has influenced the United States in some very special ways which include the country being recognized as a sovereign country during its initial stages of the country. Its importance has not faded over the years and this has seen to it that the country is recognized as a sovereign country by all people in the world. It is also associated with the feeling of belonging to a major country in the world and its various amendments have been very instrumental in ensuring that the rights of the people are protected and also that the freedom of the people is highly respected.
This means that the government is prohibited by the various enactments of the Bill of rights to interfere with the rights of the people and also the freedom of the people Mason, The constitution has played a very important role in ensuring that the government activities are always in line with the requirements of the people. This means that the government is dedicated to the needs of the people and this is very important for the economic aspects of the country. This has ensured that the country has the largest economy of the world and the economy has been growing steadily over the centuries.
This means that the constitution has played a very important role in ensuring that the country is prosperous due to the dedicated nature of the government and the people of the United States. The constitution also relates to the fact that human life is very important to the county and that is why the government takes it as a very serious responsibility to protect human life Levy, The Bill of Rights in the United States is the name that is given to the initial ten amendments to the constitution of the United States.
They were championed by James Madison and he proposed them to the congress in and after a series of amendments they eventually enacted on 15th December Another important person in this respect is Thomas Jefferson who was the major propend of the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights forbids congress from coming up with legislations that respect a religion establishment, forbids the government and other authorities from infringing the rights of the citizens to own arms and also forbids the federal government from depriving the citizens any rights without the process of law.
In case of criminal prosecution the criminal is protected by the Bill of Rights and it is required that the criminal must be indicted by a jury and that the process of trial should be as quick as possible. In general the Bill of Rights is seen as protecting the individuals from the government and this has had a very strong effect on the modern world today Bailyn, It has enabled the people to have a stronger in voice in demanding their rights and this has led to numerous crashes of the authorities with the civilians.
The civil activists have had a strong foundation of their course and this means that the Bill of Rights has been very instrumental in ensuring that there is equality in the country and that racism has had a very negative reception in the country. The Bill of Rights has also enabled the people to interact with various governmental institutions without having any fear. This has been seen as one of the best way of enhancing democracy in the country Mason, People have also enjoyed more rights and this means that they are protected by the Bill of Rights from their rights being infringed by certain institutions of the government.
The Goals of the Declaration of Independence Essay Words | 5 Pages. The Goals of the Declaration of Independence The American Revolution was not only a battle between the British and the colonists; it was a historical movement that brought about new ways of thinking.
Declaration Of Independence The Declaration of Independence is a document that was written by the continental congress and tommas Jefferson in perticular to the king of england and the english parlament. It was written as a statement to the english that .
- Summation of the Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence, composed in Congress, on July 4, , was not only a statement displaying the rights of the governed, but was a declaration of why the thirteen states of the United States was separating themselves from Great Britain. Analysis of the Declaration of Independence Essay Words | 5 Pages Analysis of The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson was made in order to give the colonists a way to break free from the shackles of King George.
The Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in Its purpose was to declare the 13 colonies in America free and independent from Great Britain, get other colonists on board, and to encourage other nations to help them. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now!