Researchers found that early separations from parents 1 to 3 months were more frequently observed in BPD patients Zanarini et al, , as BPD patients are more likely to display angry withdrawing patterns of attachment and compulsive care-seeking patterns.
Inadequate bonding with the birth mother or a disapproving father tend to start this personality in a downward spiral; any painful deficits in nurturing care and attention throughout childhood, perpetuate and reinforce this original disturbance Gunderson, Additional research considers that parental over-involvement is important to the disorder. Within this dynamic attachment figures are often perceived to be unavailable, uncaring or overprotective Gunderson, Individuals from families that cohere around a rigid denial of problems or exhibit a high degree of discord appear to be most vulnerable.
The intensely confusing and paradoxical behavior patterns of the borderline are justified by this rational as simply defenses that were adopted growing up, to adapt to those kinds of experiences in their childhood home zanarini et al, Zanarini and colleagues reported that the risk of developing BPD was 14 times higher in those reporting childhood sexual abuse than physical abuse, prevalent in other PDS.
Not all patients with BPD have histories of trauma and only small minorities of people who experience trauma develop BPD. The best fitting model for BPD had a heritability of 0. Repeated studies show these abnormalities to be particular causal of that particular impulsive aggression and high level of sensation-seeking behavior as seen in borderline personalities.
Since the amygdala generate all emotions, including negative ones, this unusually strong activity may explain the heightened sensitivity, and unusual intense displays of these emotions in others Herpertz et.
The prefrontal cortex is known to mediate executive functioning and regulate emotional arousal, and tends to be less active in people with BPD. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis HPA axis regulates cortisol production, which is released in response to stress. Increased cortisol production is also associated with an increased risk of suicidal behavior. Group session therapy teaches BPD patients how to interact and express themselves in the presence of others.
The psychotherapy helps the patients to identify and change behaviors or beliefs that underlie inaccurate perceptions about themselves and people around them. It also helps the patients to be mindful thus able to control intense emotions and tolerate stress. Moreover, it helps in correcting dysfunctional self-image caused by childhood experiences.
Finally, the therapy also educated family members on how to interact consistently with loved ones who have BPD. Medications are not the primary treatment of BPD.
Occasionally, medication may be recommended to treat depression, mood swings and other disorder that may be caused by BPD. However, treatment with medication requires a decision made from just one medical professional. Those BPD patients with severe symptoms require intensive inpatient and outpatient care.
Though hardly does one with BPD disorder get well without any treatment administered to him or her, it is imperative that such patients seek medical attention. In conclusion, Borderline Personality Disorder is caused by a combination of environmental, genetically and individual factors.
Besides, 18 million people are most likely to experience BPD in their lifetime. Also, more women are affected than men, though; there is no exact reason from researchers. Moreover, suicide is prominent in BPD cases. Common symptoms of BPD are hostility, isolation and suicidal attempts. Diagnosis for BPD must be done by a licensed mental health professional. Besides, psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for BPD disorder.
Finally, because BPD patients are prone to committing or attempting suicide, medication should be given cautiously. The emotional pain and distress of borderline personality disorder: A review of the literature. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 17, Diagnosing borderline personality disorder in adolescence. Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science: Bridging the Gap from Science to Practice , Borderline Personality Disorder Essay.
Sewanee University of the South Type of paper: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Borderline Personality Disorder Examples Borderline Personality Disorder is a severe mental disorder comprising of patterns of behavioral, moods, functioning and self-image instability.
Borderline Personality Disorder Statistics on Prevalence The term borderline is in reference to the boundary between neurosis and psychosis. Biological Factors Genetic studies state that some parts of the brain functioning as emotion and impulse regulators are often different in both volume and level of activity in various individuals. Environmental Factors Leading researchers have concluded that BPD can develop from the interaction between environmental and genetic factors.
All of this prevents the borderline to have interpersonal relationships. Individuals with the borderline personality disorder tend to have intense relationships that are very unstable. Individuals with this disorder do not simply drift in and out of friendships, but instead show abrupt, frequent and dramatic changes between "intense love and equally intense hate" Durand in any one relationship.
The fluctuations in their mood, involved with their anger; involved with their thought disturbances, and mixed with their paranoid thoughts about betrayal and abandonment by others; as well as their impulsiveness make it difficult to maintain relationships with others.
Borderlines have problems with their mood. Their mood is not manic, but alternates between normal and flat to moderate or severe depression Livesley These individuals also go through periods of intense anger that can interfere The writer describes borderline personality disorder BPD in detail and reveals that it is frequently diagnosed.
Most share an impulsive nature but generally tend to differ in their style of emotional response. Inasmuch as social behavior is fundamentally based upon the "origins in the family" Appel, Important to note in his interactions with women is his revelatio
- “The disorder that doctors fear most,” or borderline personality disorder as it is known throughout the medical community, is only one of several personality disorders plaguing society today (qtd. in Aldhous).
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric condition, which is characterized by the rapid change of psychological conditions, depression and panic attacks, aggression, and other dysfunctions of this kind.
Borderline Personality Disorder is a severe mental disorder comprising of patterns of behavioral, moods, functioning and self-image instability. Though the feelings justified to the person affected, such experiences always result in unstable relationships and impulsive actions. Borderline Personality Disorder. Borderline personality disorder describes a mental illness that is characterized by instability in moods, relationships and behavior. Some people that have severe cases of borderline personality disorder go .
Essay: Borderline Personality Disorder Due to the heterogeneous condition of BPD, the disorder most commonly co-occurs with mood disorders with a prevalence of 70 to 90% (Zanarini et al., ;). The weight of evidence suggests that there are core atiological features that point to BPD being a distinct disorder (Zanarini et al., ). Borderline Personality Disorder Essay Sample Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) might sound a somewhat less-serious problem or perhaps a disorder that resists being categorized. However, both are stereotypes having strong roots in the disorder’s history.